湖南统招专升本“大学英语”考试真题模拟

湖南统招专升本“大学英语”考试真题模拟

湖南统招专升本考题

  PartOneVocabularyandStructure

Direction:Thereare30incompletesentencesinthispart.ForeachsentencetherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD.Choosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentence.

1.Healwaysusesmyfirstname,althoughheisseveralyearsmy____.

A)oldB)juniorC)youngerD)senior

2.Manybeautifullandscapesthatglowinthegalleryaresadly____inreality.

A)declineB)decayedC)decayD)clay

3.Asthepatrolcommanderapproachedthedoorofthebank,hespottedabriefcase___againstthewall.

A)learningB)leaningC)leanedD)learned

4.ThecityofKyoto,theimperialcapital,lies___byhillsandisfrequentlybathedinmists.

A)surroundingB)surplusC)surroundedD)around

5.Thisshowwillnodoubt___hisgrowingreputation.

A)adduptoB)addtoC)inadditiontoD)addsto

6.Allthechildpsychologistssaythatmummyanddaddyhavetobethereforchildrento___wellbalanced.

A)growonB)growinC)growupD)growtogether

7.Iknowthismathproblemisabithard,butyoucan___it___yourselfifonlyyoutry.

A)work…onB)work…outC)single…outD)concentrate…on

8.Healwayshasalotof_______ideasinhismind,andsometimeswedonotevenknowwhatheisthinkingabout.

A)novelB)spoilC)acceptableD)additional

9.Pleasebeserious.Iamnot_______.Youshouldconsideritcarefully.

A)sortingB)jokingC)countingD)comparing

10.Wedonothavea_______schoolinourinstitute.ThehighestdegreeweprovideforthestudentsisaB.A.andaB.S..

A)continueB)bayC)assistanceD)graduate

11.IntheUnitedStates,theforeignpolicyisdecidedbythe________government,notbyeachstate.

A)federalB)figureC)scientificD)service

12.Heworksinouruniversityasavisiting_______,notasaformalfacultymember.

A)traditionalB)scholarC)nurseD)pilot

13.Whenyoufillintheapplicationform,pleaseuseyour_______addresssothatwecancontactyoueasilylater.

A)policyB)plainC)permanentD)principal

14.John_______tobeapoliteman.Butinfactheisveryrude.

A)pretendsB)assuresC)affordsD)melts

15.Wecannottrusthimanymorebecauseheoften________hisduty.

A)owesB)spoilsC)desertsD)neglects

16.TheEuropeanUnioncountrieswereonceworriedthattheywouldnothave____suppliesofpetroleum.

A)proficientB)efficientC)potentialD)sufficient

17.Manypeoplelikewhitecolorasitisa_______ofpurity.

A)symbolB)signC)signalD)symptom

18.Tomisveryuntidy;healwaysleaveshisroomina_______.

A)disorderB)damageC)messD)trouble

19.Britainhasthehighest____ofroadtrafficintheworld—over60carsforeverymileofroad.

A)popularityB)densityC)intensityD)prosperity

20.MostbroadcastersmaintainthatTVhasbeenunfairlycriticizedandarguethatthepowerofthemediumis________.

A)grantedB)impliedC)exaggeratedD)remedied

21.Thegreaterthedemand,________________theprice.

A)higherB)highC)thehigherD)thehigh

22.Itseemsnot___________toraintoday.

A)likelyB)alikeC)likeD)likable

23.Thesixty-storyskyscraperstandsout___________thebluesky.

A)onB)underC)againstD)in

24.Greatlyagitated,Irushedtotheapartmentandtriedthedoor,_________tofinditlocked.

A)justB)onlyC)henceD)thus

25.Thestorytoldbytheoldmanwassotouchingandinstructivethatwecouldhardly________ourtears.

A)catchholdofB)holdbackC)holdupD)holdon

26.Shecutherhairshortandtriedto___________herselfasaman.

A)decorateB)disguiseC)fakeD)fabricate

27.Mymotheralwayspaidattentiontotheneeds,wishesandfeelingsofthosearoundher.Shewasthemost______________womanI’veeverknown.

A)considerateB)artificialC)brilliantD)merry

28.AssomeoftherulesconcerningforeigntraderancontrarytotheprinciplesoftheWTO,thegovernmentdecidedto____________themassoonaspossible.

A)accomplishB)distinguishC)establishD)abolish

29.In30yearsthecountryhasbeen___________intoanadvancedindustrialpower.

A)transmittedB)transferredC)transformedD)transplanted

30.Inadditiontorice,weneedto__________ourdietwithfish,meatandvegetable.

A)replaceB)supplementC)mixD)addition

PartTwoReadingComprehension

Direction:Thereare3passagesinthispart.Eachpassageisfollowedby5questions.YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheet.

Passage1

Readingisthoughttobeakindofconversationbetweenthereaderandthetext.Thereaderputsquestions,asitwere,tothetextandgetsanswers.Inthelightoftheseheputsfurtherquestions,andsoon.Formostofthetimethis“conversation”goesonbelowthelevelofconsciousness.Attime,however,webecomeawareofit.Thisisusuallywearerunningintodifficulties,whenmismatchisoccurringbetweenexpectationsandmeaning.Whensuccessfulmatchingisbeingexperienced,ourquestioningofthetextcontinuesattheunconsciouslevel.

Differentpeopleconversewiththetextdifferently.Somestayveryclosetothewordsonthepage;otherstakeoffimaginativelyfromthewords,interpreting,criticizing,analyzingandexamining.Theformerrepresentsakindofcomprehension,whichiswritteninthetext.Thelatterrepresentshigherlevelsofcomprehension.Thebalancebetweentheseisimportant,especiallyforadvancedreaders.

Thereisanotherconversationwhichfromourpointofviewisequallyimportant,andthatistodonotwithwhatisreadbutwithhowitisread.Wecallthisa“process”conversationasopposedtoa“content”conversation.Itisconcernednotwithmeaningbutwiththestrategiesweemployinreading.Ifweareadvancedreadersourabilitytoholdacontentconversationwithatextisusuallyprettywelldeveloped.Notsoourabilitytoholdaprocessconversation.Itispreciselythiskindofconversationthatisofimportancewhenweareseekingtodevelopourreadingtomeetthenewdemandsbeingplaceduponusbystudyingatahigherlevel.

31.Readingasakindofconversationbetweenthereaderandthetextbecomesconsciousonlywhen_______________________.

A)thereader’sexpectationsagreewithwhatissaidinthetext.

B)thereaderhastroubleunderstandingwhattheauthorsays.

C)thereaderasksquestionsandgetsanswers.

D)thereaderunderstandsatextverywell.

32.Atalowerlevelofcomprehension,readerstendto________________________.

A)readatextslowly

B)readwithoutthinkinghard

C)interpretatextintheirownway

D)concentrateonthemeaningofwordsonly.

33.A“process”conversationhastodowith________________________.

A)theapplicationofreadingstrategies

B)matchingourexpectationswiththemeaningofatext

C)thedevelopmentofourabilitytocheckthedetails

D)determiningthemainideaofatext.

34.Accordingtothepassage,itisofgreatimportanceforreadersatahigherleveltomaintainabalancebetween__________________________.

A)consciousandunconsciouslevelsofcomprehension

B)thereaders’expectationsandthemeaningofatext

C)lowerandhigherlevelofcomprehension

D)interpretingandcriticizingatext

35.Ifwewanttodevelopourreadingabilityatanadvancedlevel,weshould___________.

A)learntousedifferentapproachesinreadingdifferenttext

B)makeourreadingprocessmoreconscious

C)paymoreattentiontothecontentofatext

D)takeacriticalattitudetowardstheauthor’sideas

Passage2

Onlythreestrategiesareavailableforcontrollingcancer,prevention,screeningandtreatment.Lungcancercausesmoredeathsthananyothertypeofcancer.Amajorcauseofthediseaseisreliablyknown;thereisnogoodevidencethatscreeningisofmuchhelp;andtreatmentfailsinabout90percentofallcases.Atpresent,therefore,themainstrategymustbeprevention.If,however,weconsidernotwhatresearchmayonedayofferbutwhattoday’sknowledgecouldalreadydeliverthatisnotbeingdelivered,thenthemostpracticableandcost-effectiveopportunitiesforavoidingprematuredeathfromcancer,especiallylungcancer,probablyinvolveneitherscreeningnorimprovedtreatment,butprevention.

Thisconclusiondoesnotdependontheunrealisticassumptionthatwecaneliminatetobacco.Itmerelyassumesthatwecanreducecigarettesalesappreciablybyraisingpricesorbyexpandingthetypeofeducationthatalreadyappearstohavehadapositiveeffectoncigaretteconsumptionbywhite-collarworkers,andthatwecansubstantiallyreducetheamountoftardeliveredpercigarette.Thepracticabilityofpreventingcancerbysuchmeasuresappliesnotonlyinthosecountries,suchastheU.S.,where,becausecigarettesmokinghasbeencommonfordecades,25to30percentofallcancerdeathsnowinvolvelungcancer,butalsointhosewhereithasbecomewidespreadonlyrecently,China,forexample,wherelungcancerasyetaccountsforonly5-10percentofallcancerdeaths.Countrieswherecigarettesmokingisonlynowbecomingwidespreadcanexpectenormousincreasesinlungcancerduringthe1990sorearlyinthenextcentury;unlessprompteffectiveactionistakenagainstthehabit—indeed,suchincreasesarealreadyplainlyevidentinpartsofChina.

36.Intheauthor’sopinion,themainstrategyforcontrollinglungcancerispreventionbecause__________________________________.

A)cigaretteconsumptionisincreasingrapidlyworldwide

B)wedonotknowforsurethemajorcauseofthedisease

C)screeningisnotveryeffectiveandtreatmentisnotsatisfactoryeither

D)itisthemosteffectivestrategy

37.Accordingtothepassage,lungcancercanbepreventedby______________.

A)eliminatingtobacco

B)teachingpeopletherightwaytosmoke

C)decreasingtheharmfulsubstancesincigarettes

D)increasingtaxoncigarettesales

38.InpartsofChina,whydoeslungcancerobviouslyincrease?

A)Becausecigarettesmokingisbecomingwidespread.

B)Becausemoreandmorewhite-collarworkershavebecomecigarettesmokers.

C)Becausetheamountoftarcannotbereduced.

D)Becausepreventionoflungcancerisnottakenintoconsideration.

39.Inordertoreducecigaretteconsumption,weshould_____________________.

A)educatepeoplenottosmoke

B)shutdownsomecigaretteproducers

C)improvethequalityofcigarette

D)sellcigaretteonlytotheadults

40.Thebesttitleforthepassagewouldbe____________________-.

A)TheControlofLungCancer

B)TheCauseofLungCancer

C)Screening,TreatmentandPrevention

D)SmokingandLungCancer

Passage3

Somepessimisticexpertsfeelthattheautomobileisboundtofallintodisuse.Theyseeadayinthenot-too-distantfuturewhenallautoswillbeabandonedandallowedtorust.Otherauthorities,however,thinktheautoisheretostay.Theyholdthatthecarwillremainaleadingmeansofurbantravelintheforeseeablefuture.

Themotorcarwillundoubtedlychangesignificantlyoverthenext30years.Itshouldbecomesmaller,safer,andmoreeconomical,andshouldnotbepoweredbythegasolineengine.Thecarofthefutureshouldbefarmorepollution-freethanpresenttypes.

Regardlessofitspowersource,theautointhefuturewillstillbethemainprobleminurbantrafficcongestion(拥挤).Oneproposedsolutiontothisproblemistheautomatedhighwaysystem.

Whentheautoentersthehighwaysystem,aretractable(可伸缩的)armwilldropfromtheautoandmakecontactwitharail,whichissimilartothosepoweringsubwaytrainselectrically.Onceattachedtotherail,thecarwillbecomeelectricallypoweredfromthesystem,andcontrolofthevehiclewillpasstoacentralcomputer.Thecomputerwillthenmonitorallofthecar’smovements.

Thedriverwilluseatelephonetodialinstructionsabouthisdestinationintothesystem.Thecomputerwillcalculatethebestroute,andreservespaceforthecarallthewaytothecorrectexitfromthehighway.Thedriverwillthenbefreetorelaxandwaitforthebuzzer(蜂鸣器)thatwillwarnhimofhiscomingexit.Itisestimatedthatanautomatedhighwaywillbeabletohandle10,000vehiclesperhour,comparedwiththe1,500to2,000vehiclesthatcanbecarriedbyapresent-dayhighway.

41.Onesignificantimprovementinthefuturecarwillprobablybe________.

A)itspowersource

B)itsdrivingsystem

C)itsmonitoringsystem

D)itsseatingcapacity

42.Whatistheauthor’smainconcern?

A)Howtorenderautomobilespollution-free.

B)Howtomakesmallerandsaferautomobiles.

C)Howtosolvetheproblemoftrafficjams.

D)Howtodevelopanautomatedsubwaysystem.

43.Whatprovidesautoswithelectricpowerinanautomatedhighwaysystem?

A)Arail.C)Aretractablearm.

B)Anengine.D)Acomputercontroller.

44.Inanautomatedhighwaysystem,allthedriverneedstodois_______.

A)keepintherightlane

B)waittoarriveathisdestination

C)keepinconstanttouchwiththecomputercenter

D)informthesystemofhisdestinationbyphone

45.Whatistheauthor’sattitudetowardthefutureofautos?

A)Enthusiastic.C)Optimistic.

B)Pessimistic.D)Cautious.

PartThreeCloze

Direction:Thereare10blanksforthepassageinthefollowing.ForeachblanktherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD.Youshouldchoosetheonethatbestfitsintothepassage.ThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenter.

Charliecamefromapoorvillage.Hisparentshad__46__moneytosendhimtoschoolwhenhewasyoung.Theboywasverysad.Mr.Kinglivednexttohim.Hefoundtheboy__47__andhadpityonhimandlentsomemoneytohim.Sotheboycouldgotoschool.Hestudiedhardand__48__allhislessons.Whenhefinishedmiddleschool,themanintroducedhimtohisfriendinthetown.Andhebegantowork.Once,Mr.Kingwasseriouslyhurtinanaccident.Dying,heaskedCharlietotakecareofhisdaughter,Sharon.Theyoungman__49__andseveralyearslaterhemarriedthegirl.Helovedherverymuchandtriedhisbesttomakeherhappy.Heoftenboughtbeautifulclothesanddeliciousfoodforher.Hewasgoodatcookingandhecooked__50__forher.Soshebecameveryfatandshefeltitdifficulttowalk.Andonedayshefoundtherewassomethingwrongwithherheart.Herhusbandwasn’tathomeandshehadtogoto__51__atonce.Thedoctorslookedheroverandtoldher__52__eatmeat,sugar,chocolateandthingslikethese.Shewasafraid__53__thedoctor’swordsandwroteallthenamesofthefoodonthepaper.Whenshegothome,sheputthelistonthetableand__54__.Whenshereturnedhomethatafternoon,shefoundmanykindsoffood:meat,sugarandchocolateinthekitchen.Charliewasbusy__55__there.Assoonashesawher,hesaidhappily,“I’veboughtallthefoodyoulike,dear!”

46.A)noB)someC)muchD)enough

47.A)lazyB)cleverC)carefulD)hard

48.A)didwellinB)waspooratC)wasworkingD)wasgoodfor

49.A)wasangryB)thoughthardC)agreedD)said

50.A)alittleB)afewC)manyD)alot

51.A)restB)SleepC)hospitalD)work

52.A)shouldB)wouldC)toD)notto

53.A)torememberB)toforgetC)tocatchD)toteach

54.A)sleptB)wentoutC)cookedD)ate

55.A)readingB)seeingC)cookingD)writing

PartFourTranslation

Directions:completethefollowingsentencesbytranslatingintoEnglishtheChineseinthebracket.

56.Itwasluckyforthemanto(在那次地震中幸存下来).

57.Thechildrenarefindingit(很难适应新学校).

58.IfyoudownloadsomeattachedfilesfromtheInternet,(你的手机可能已经处于危险中).

59.Shehadapart-timejob(在上大学的时候).

60.It’svitallyimportantthat(你应该从失败中吸取教训).

PartFiveWriting

Directions:Thispartistotestyourabilitytodowriting.Youarerequiredtowritealetterofapplicationin80wordsaccordingtothefollowinggiveninChinese.

张凯得知他已被纽约大学录取。他想申请奖学金。请代张凯于2010年12月23日写一封奖学金申请信。内容包括:

1.很高兴被录取了。

2.自己家境困难,为了减轻父母的负担(financialburden),想申请奖学金。

3.请校方考虑自己的申请,并告知是否有这种可能性。

 

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